• Welcome to Anna's British English: Elocution Online

    Learning English is difficult and learning the correct pronunciation can be even harder. Here you will learn how to speak with a British English Accent. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Elocution-Online-Speak-English-with-an-English-accent-241809966008260/ Twitter: www.twitter.com/ElocutionOnline G+: https://plus.google.com/1143109073272... Elocution Online is a free online resource allowing you to learn how to communicate confidently and clearly with a standard British English accent. If you are learning English as a second language then these videos can be a great aid to ensure you are pronouncing all your sounds correctly. The beauty of Elocution Online is that you can study at your own pace and without spending a penny. Many of my videos show a close up of my mouth so that y...

    published: 08 Jan 2016
  • The Queen's English: Elocution Lessons (1 of 26)

    These elocution lessons are designed for International Students, or those with English as a second language. It is also very useful for English speakers who want to improve their enunciation of the spoken word. Practice these lessons frequently and you will vastly improve and understand the sound of specific words. Most importantly, you will eventually lose your native accent and adopt the Queen's tone. The objective is to speak English clearly, concisely and without any slang or accent. Enjoy your lessons and please click LIKE and SUBSCRIBE, or SHARE this video so others can also benefit from our educational practice videos. Subscribe now - so that you will not miss our next set of practice videos.

    published: 24 May 2014
  • 2 MINUTE Elocution Lessons - How To Say the TH Sound

    Elocution Lessons tutor Matt Pocock takes you through the TH Sound in under two minutes. The TH is one that a lot of accents find difficult - from India to Africa to the Meditteranean. You'll be doing it in no time if you follow along with this elocution lessons video. Check out http://elocutionlessonslondon.com for more tips and to book Skype lessons. Twitter: https://twitter.com/mpocock1

    published: 20 Feb 2017
  • Elocution lessons for kids

    http://elocutionlessonsforkids.co.uk teach children all over the world how to speak BBC English (also known as RP or Queen’s English) and help them become effective communicators. Do you want your child to study in an English speaking country? Are you a non-native English speaker and your child has picked up some of your speaking habits? Has your child got a regional accent? Has your child picked up slang? Does your child mumble? Does your child speak too fast? Is your child afraid of speaking in public? Our lessons teach children how to speak clearly with a neutral accent and give them that command of the English language, which boosts their confidence. We also provide online group lessons, including for schools. For more information, visit http://elocutionlessonsforkids.co.uk/ Also...

    published: 29 Nov 2014
  • Speak as clearly as an actor

    How do actors sound so clear when they speak? The secret is to warm up by doing vocal exercises. In this lesson, I'll share with you some exercises to make your English sound clear, confident, and correct. You will start with a physical warm up and then move on to vocal exercises and tongue twisters. How fast can you say, "Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"? Get your workout clothes on, and turn up the volume. Are you ready for some fun? BADAGABADAGA let’s go! http://www.engvid.com/speak-as-clearly-as-an-actor/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, folks. And welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, we're going to be doing a lesson on articulation, the way we use our mouth to form words and sounds. We're also going to be looking at some tips to make sure you come across as a confident speaker o...

    published: 27 Apr 2015
  • Elocution - tongue exercises

    This short clip gives an example of some of the exercises that take place during our elocution and voice coaching lessons.

    published: 16 Dec 2013
  • Articulator Exercises | Accent Training

    Watch more How to Do an Accent videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/500458-Articulator-Exercises-Accent-Training Learn articulator exercises that will help you do a foreign accent from voice and speech coach Andrea Caban in this Howcast video. Here are some articulator exercises. So, first blow through your lips, and you can use your voice there, and you can go un-voiced. Blow through your tongue, and then un-voiced, and then shake out your face. Okay. Then, you want to take your tongue, and you want to touch every single one of your teeth on the front, top, the back top, the front bottom, and the back bottom. Like this. Faster. One more time. Good, blow through your lips. Blow through your tongue, and shake out your face. Okay. Next, I want you to isolate your lip corners. So, if yo...

    published: 20 Jul 2013
  • 3 minutes to a proper British accent with U of A Prof David Ley

    *** New Video- Irish accent! https://youtu.be/InC_BgEd_LM *** David Ley recently became an Internet sensation for his use of a vibrator to improve vocal range for singers and actors. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZSEby...) Now Ley—who is a drama professor, and voice and dialect coach at the University of Alberta—offers a three-minute tutorial on how to speak with an upper class British accent. With Ley's help, a hard candy and a little practice, you'll be directing the sec-retree to the lav-retree in no time. Look for a profile on Ley in the Spring 2013 issue of New Trail magazine. (http://www.newtrail.ualberta.ca/)

    published: 04 Apr 2013
  • Articulation Exercises (1): Speak with a Standard British English Accent

    Full online courses available at www.britishenglishpro.com Is English your second language? Check out our English community: www.englishlikeanative.me Here you will learn how to speak with a British English Accent. This video covers articulation exercises (1). Twitter: www.twitter.com/ElocutionOnline Facebook: www.facebook.com/pages/Elocution-Online/241809966008260 Full online courses available at www.britishenglishpro.com Check out some other helpful videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSB12yhjsVg https://youtu.be/MzUESpF9460

    published: 10 Nov 2014
  • How to do posh English accent, Mouth Exercises

    http://jadejoddle.com/british-accent-fast/ Many people aspire to having a posh English accent but it is a difficult accent to get right. The reason that many people fail to achieve this prestigious accent is because the posh R.P. variety of English has it's own unique pattern of mouth movements. If you do not exercise your mouth in the correct way, you will not be able to speak with a posh English accent. In this video I share with you some exercises that will help you to attain a posh English accent. The warm up exercises can be used to improve your enunciation and pronunciation in any language, meanwhile the main exercise specifically targets the posh English R.P. accent. With regular training and commitment you will see a noticeable improvement in your R.P. English accent. --- Learn a ...

    published: 04 Nov 2013
  • Easy Elocution with Executive Language Tutors

    Free Elocution Lesson - Learn how to speak British English Received Pronunciation easily. Easy Elocution DVD - Just released! Visit for us at the link below for your free extract of the words and Elocution Practice: http://www.executivelanguagetutors.com/elocution-lessons/easy-elocution-accelerated-elocution-lessons-video-ecourse-book/

    published: 20 Mar 2016
  • SpeechSchool TV Learn English Accent, Learn English, Elocution Lessons, Public Speaking 7ujdISoNsM

    published: 17 Jun 2014
  • The Queen's English: Elocution Lessons (2 of 26)

    These elocution lessons are designed for International Students, or those with English as a second language. It is also very useful for English speakers who want to improve their enunciation of the spoken word. Practice these lessons frequently and you will vastly improve and understand the sound of specific words. Most importantly, you will eventually lose your native accent and adopt the Queen's tone. The objective is to speak English clearly, concisely and without any slang or accent. Enjoy your lessons and please click LIKE and SUBSCRIBE, or SHARE this video so others can also benefit from our educational practice videos. Subscribe now - so that you will not miss our next set of practice videos.

    published: 24 May 2014
  • Elocution Lesson: soft 'th' sounds

    www.smithsenglish.com Francesca helps this British speaker with the pronunciation of soft 'th' sounds such as 'both', 'with' and 'bath'.

    published: 21 Jun 2011
  • British Elocution Lessons | Learn the British accent

    Elocution lessons are not just for native English speakers, but also non-native English speakers. http://www.accentsoftening.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/accentsoftening Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/accentsoftening Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/accentsoftening

    published: 09 Jan 2013
  • Elocution Lesson to improve vowel sounds

    Francesca works with someone to even out a mixed accent.

    published: 19 Jul 2011
Welcome to Anna's British English: Elocution Online

Welcome to Anna's British English: Elocution Online

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:31
  • Updated: 08 Jan 2016
  • views: 21969
videos
Learning English is difficult and learning the correct pronunciation can be even harder. Here you will learn how to speak with a British English Accent. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Elocution-Online-Speak-English-with-an-English-accent-241809966008260/ Twitter: www.twitter.com/ElocutionOnline G+: https://plus.google.com/1143109073272... Elocution Online is a free online resource allowing you to learn how to communicate confidently and clearly with a standard British English accent. If you are learning English as a second language then these videos can be a great aid to ensure you are pronouncing all your sounds correctly. The beauty of Elocution Online is that you can study at your own pace and without spending a penny. Many of my videos show a close up of my mouth so that you can see clearly how to create the correct sounds. This means that elocution online can also be helpful to correct troublesome lisps. It is recommended that you practice daily in order to improve at a reasonable rate. Each session should include a warm up, articulation exercises, tongue twisters, two vowel or consonant videos and then finished by reading aloud a passage from a reputable English language source (i.e. BBC news, Guardian, telegraph or a published book). I will endeavor to respond to any questions posted as soon as possible. Full online courses available at www.britishenglishpro.com Is English your second language? Check out our English community: www.englishlikeanative.me Full online courses available at www.britishenglishpro.com Is English your second language? Check out our English community: www.englishlikeanative.me
https://wn.com/Welcome_To_Anna's_British_English_Elocution_Online
The Queen's English: Elocution Lessons (1 of 26)

The Queen's English: Elocution Lessons (1 of 26)

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:34
  • Updated: 24 May 2014
  • views: 83372
videos
These elocution lessons are designed for International Students, or those with English as a second language. It is also very useful for English speakers who want to improve their enunciation of the spoken word. Practice these lessons frequently and you will vastly improve and understand the sound of specific words. Most importantly, you will eventually lose your native accent and adopt the Queen's tone. The objective is to speak English clearly, concisely and without any slang or accent. Enjoy your lessons and please click LIKE and SUBSCRIBE, or SHARE this video so others can also benefit from our educational practice videos. Subscribe now - so that you will not miss our next set of practice videos.
https://wn.com/The_Queen's_English_Elocution_Lessons_(1_Of_26)
2 MINUTE Elocution Lessons - How To Say the TH Sound

2 MINUTE Elocution Lessons - How To Say the TH Sound

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:32
  • Updated: 20 Feb 2017
  • views: 938
videos
Elocution Lessons tutor Matt Pocock takes you through the TH Sound in under two minutes. The TH is one that a lot of accents find difficult - from India to Africa to the Meditteranean. You'll be doing it in no time if you follow along with this elocution lessons video. Check out http://elocutionlessonslondon.com for more tips and to book Skype lessons. Twitter: https://twitter.com/mpocock1
https://wn.com/2_Minute_Elocution_Lessons_How_To_Say_The_Th_Sound
Elocution lessons for kids

Elocution lessons for kids

  • Order:
  • Duration: 0:55
  • Updated: 29 Nov 2014
  • views: 18454
videos
http://elocutionlessonsforkids.co.uk teach children all over the world how to speak BBC English (also known as RP or Queen’s English) and help them become effective communicators. Do you want your child to study in an English speaking country? Are you a non-native English speaker and your child has picked up some of your speaking habits? Has your child got a regional accent? Has your child picked up slang? Does your child mumble? Does your child speak too fast? Is your child afraid of speaking in public? Our lessons teach children how to speak clearly with a neutral accent and give them that command of the English language, which boosts their confidence. We also provide online group lessons, including for schools. For more information, visit http://elocutionlessonsforkids.co.uk/ Also visit http://accentsoftening.com for adult classes.
https://wn.com/Elocution_Lessons_For_Kids
Speak as clearly as an actor

Speak as clearly as an actor

  • Order:
  • Duration: 14:10
  • Updated: 27 Apr 2015
  • views: 458997
videos
How do actors sound so clear when they speak? The secret is to warm up by doing vocal exercises. In this lesson, I'll share with you some exercises to make your English sound clear, confident, and correct. You will start with a physical warm up and then move on to vocal exercises and tongue twisters. How fast can you say, "Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers"? Get your workout clothes on, and turn up the volume. Are you ready for some fun? BADAGABADAGA let’s go! http://www.engvid.com/speak-as-clearly-as-an-actor/ TRANSCRIPT Hi, there, folks. And welcome back to www.engvid.com. Today, we're going to be doing a lesson on articulation, the way we use our mouth to form words and sounds. We're also going to be looking at some tips to make sure you come across as a confident speaker of English in any interview kind of situation. Now, let's just imagine that you do have an interview. Your heart's going to be going "boom, boom, boom, boom." And suddenly, all your English goes out the window, and you start making mistakes, and you can't really talk properly. So we need to make sure we're in our bodies, okay? And that we are present and alive in the room. I've worked as an actor for a few years, so I wanted to share a couple of warm ups, a couple of starters that people do -- that actors do before they go on stage. So I know you can't see my feet, but we might start by making circles with our feet like this. So move them around, okay? Make those joints -- so you're doing this with your foot, and then with the other foot. So I want you to get off your chairs. I know you're watching me on the Internet. Get up off your chair. Let's all get involved and move your right foot around. And the other way. And now, do circles with your knees, circles with your knees. Good stuff. And now, with your waist, let's move our waist around. Move that waist around in a nice big circle, and the other way around. Great. Now, we're going to do some shoulder rolls. Yeah. We're making nice, big circles with your shoulders. And the other way. Great. Shake out our hands. I've got a pen in it. Shake it out. Move our head around. Be careful with the head. We're going to do circles with our head, and when you get to the back, make sure your mouth is open. Do a big circle. And if you want to yawn, that's just a sign that you're relaxing. Okay? I'm going to move around like that. Great. Have a little shake out. Have a little shimmy, a little boogie. Great. We're good to go. Obviously, today, we're focusing on the tongue, the lips, and the mouth. So let's start by blowing through our lips. Do it after me. So the pitch, it's going up and back down again. You try. Good. Now, I want you to imagine that you're brushing your teeth with your tongue. Okay. You don't have a toothbrush. You can't find the toothbrush, so you're using your tongue. Okay? You're brushing all of your teeth with your tongue. Okay. Because to make clear sounds in English, you need your tongue to work hard. Okay? And now, brush the bottom jaw. This is a jaw. Okay. We're going to brush the teeth in here. Great. And now, let's just, you know, make some funny faces at me. I'm making some funny faces at you. You make some funny faces at me. Yeah? Move your face around. I know. It's a bit weird. Obviously, when we're breathing, we want to breathe from our stomachs. We don't want to talk up here. So try and think of breathing. Feel your tummy going in and out down here. Not up here. You might feel your ribs move. I want to see if you can breathe using your stomach. Okay? Now, we're going to look at some vocal exercises. "Pa ta ka pah." Okay. So we're going to look at making sounds which are exercises for the different sounds you make in English. And then, we're going to look at some actual articulation exercises for really clear speech. And these are things you can practice, you know -- I do it when I'm driving my car before today, so I speak clearly. Clearly hasn't worked. Vocal exercises. Okay. So we're going to start with "pa". So we're going to go "pa ta ka pah". "Pa ta ka pah." I want you to repeat after me. "Pa ta ka pah." Great. "Pa ta ka paw." "Pa ta ka poo." It's quite a rude word in English. "Pa ta ka pee." Okay. Bottom lip, top lip, they come apart. The bottom lip is blowing against that top lip. Okay? "Pa ta ka pee." "Pa ta ka pay." Okay? So if you become confident with these, then you can repeat this bit a couple of times. So it would be "pa ta ka pa ta ka pah." Let's try that one. "Pa ta ka pa ta ka pah." Have a go. Great. And then, with these ones, "pa ta ka pa ta ka paw." Okay. You get the idea. Practice those on your own time. That's your homework, okay? It's really good practice to try and do this every day to really develop clear speech. You might want to visit a voice coach at some point if you have a particularly crap speech.
https://wn.com/Speak_As_Clearly_As_An_Actor
Elocution - tongue exercises

Elocution - tongue exercises

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:13
  • Updated: 16 Dec 2013
  • views: 1579
videos
This short clip gives an example of some of the exercises that take place during our elocution and voice coaching lessons.
https://wn.com/Elocution_Tongue_Exercises
Articulator Exercises | Accent Training

Articulator Exercises | Accent Training

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:35
  • Updated: 20 Jul 2013
  • views: 110956
videos
Watch more How to Do an Accent videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/500458-Articulator-Exercises-Accent-Training Learn articulator exercises that will help you do a foreign accent from voice and speech coach Andrea Caban in this Howcast video. Here are some articulator exercises. So, first blow through your lips, and you can use your voice there, and you can go un-voiced. Blow through your tongue, and then un-voiced, and then shake out your face. Okay. Then, you want to take your tongue, and you want to touch every single one of your teeth on the front, top, the back top, the front bottom, and the back bottom. Like this. Faster. One more time. Good, blow through your lips. Blow through your tongue, and shake out your face. Okay. Next, I want you to isolate your lip corners. So, if you isolate your lip corners, you bring them straight back. Kind of this worthless weird grin. And then go into relaxation. Good, now bring them forward. Good, now relax. Next, I'd like you to channel and bunch your tongue. This is a really challenging one so try to use a mirror, and watch yourself do it, and you'll get the muscles. Next, I'd like you to exercise your soft palette, or your velum. It's the part that moves when you yawn. So, I want you to yawn. Lovely, now yawn on the right side only. It helps to use your right hand, and then yawn on the left side only. Good, now yawn on both sides. Good, now you really feel your soft palette, when it feels raised. So, in our accent trainings, sometimes the soft palette will be raised, sometimes it will be dropped, but you know where your soft palette is now. Next, I want you to play with some tongue tip action. So, bring you tongue tip to your alveolar ridge. It's that little gum ridge right behind your front teeth, right here. And, I just want you to go la, and bring the tongue tip down. La, la, great. Now, la, le, li, lo, lu, and you rest your tongue behind your bottom teeth each time. Then, you learn if you learn nothing else from me, this is the trick you want to take away. Okay, so you want to stick your tongue out and articulate a phrase around your tongue. You're overworking the muscles of your tongue. It's like when a baseball player picks up a bat and weight's it before he goes up to the plate, and then when he goes up to the plate, he takes the weight off, and it's easy to swing. This is the same concept. Okay, so your line of text was, "Speak the speech I pray you as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue". Hamlet's Advice to the Players. You want to stick your tongue and say, "Speak the speech I pray you as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue". And, then you stick your tongue back in and it's quite easy to say, "Speak the speech I pray you as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue". So, practice these articulator exercises every day, five minutes, and then you'll be in great shape for some accent training.
https://wn.com/Articulator_Exercises_|_Accent_Training
3 minutes to a proper British accent with U of A Prof David Ley

3 minutes to a proper British accent with U of A Prof David Ley

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:45
  • Updated: 04 Apr 2013
  • views: 1449469
videos
*** New Video- Irish accent! https://youtu.be/InC_BgEd_LM *** David Ley recently became an Internet sensation for his use of a vibrator to improve vocal range for singers and actors. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XZSEby...) Now Ley—who is a drama professor, and voice and dialect coach at the University of Alberta—offers a three-minute tutorial on how to speak with an upper class British accent. With Ley's help, a hard candy and a little practice, you'll be directing the sec-retree to the lav-retree in no time. Look for a profile on Ley in the Spring 2013 issue of New Trail magazine. (http://www.newtrail.ualberta.ca/)
https://wn.com/3_Minutes_To_A_Proper_British_Accent_With_U_Of_A_Prof_David_Ley
Articulation Exercises (1): Speak with a Standard British English Accent

Articulation Exercises (1): Speak with a Standard British English Accent

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:11
  • Updated: 10 Nov 2014
  • views: 27744
videos
Full online courses available at www.britishenglishpro.com Is English your second language? Check out our English community: www.englishlikeanative.me Here you will learn how to speak with a British English Accent. This video covers articulation exercises (1). Twitter: www.twitter.com/ElocutionOnline Facebook: www.facebook.com/pages/Elocution-Online/241809966008260 Full online courses available at www.britishenglishpro.com Check out some other helpful videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSB12yhjsVg https://youtu.be/MzUESpF9460
https://wn.com/Articulation_Exercises_(1)_Speak_With_A_Standard_British_English_Accent
How to do posh English accent, Mouth Exercises

How to do posh English accent, Mouth Exercises

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:40
  • Updated: 04 Nov 2013
  • views: 289547
videos
http://jadejoddle.com/british-accent-fast/ Many people aspire to having a posh English accent but it is a difficult accent to get right. The reason that many people fail to achieve this prestigious accent is because the posh R.P. variety of English has it's own unique pattern of mouth movements. If you do not exercise your mouth in the correct way, you will not be able to speak with a posh English accent. In this video I share with you some exercises that will help you to attain a posh English accent. The warm up exercises can be used to improve your enunciation and pronunciation in any language, meanwhile the main exercise specifically targets the posh English R.P. accent. With regular training and commitment you will see a noticeable improvement in your R.P. English accent. --- Learn a British Accent FAST: http://jadejoddle.com/british-accent-fast/ --- Do you fit any of the 4 groups below? (1) You are shy (2) You used to be shy (3) You are secretly shy (4) You are shy when speaking a foreign language If yes, join Jade Joddle's email list: http://jadejoddle.com/join/
https://wn.com/How_To_Do_Posh_English_Accent,_Mouth_Exercises
Easy Elocution with Executive Language Tutors

Easy Elocution with Executive Language Tutors

  • Order:
  • Duration: 4:20
  • Updated: 20 Mar 2016
  • views: 355
videos
Free Elocution Lesson - Learn how to speak British English Received Pronunciation easily. Easy Elocution DVD - Just released! Visit for us at the link below for your free extract of the words and Elocution Practice: http://www.executivelanguagetutors.com/elocution-lessons/easy-elocution-accelerated-elocution-lessons-video-ecourse-book/
https://wn.com/Easy_Elocution_With_Executive_Language_Tutors
SpeechSchool TV   Learn English Accent, Learn English, Elocution Lessons, Public Speaking 7ujdISoNsM

SpeechSchool TV Learn English Accent, Learn English, Elocution Lessons, Public Speaking 7ujdISoNsM

  • Order:
  • Duration: 12:19
  • Updated: 17 Jun 2014
  • views: 225
videos
https://wn.com/Speechschool_Tv_Learn_English_Accent,_Learn_English,_Elocution_Lessons,_Public_Speaking_7Ujdisonsm
The Queen's English: Elocution Lessons (2 of 26)

The Queen's English: Elocution Lessons (2 of 26)

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:38
  • Updated: 24 May 2014
  • views: 33314
videos
These elocution lessons are designed for International Students, or those with English as a second language. It is also very useful for English speakers who want to improve their enunciation of the spoken word. Practice these lessons frequently and you will vastly improve and understand the sound of specific words. Most importantly, you will eventually lose your native accent and adopt the Queen's tone. The objective is to speak English clearly, concisely and without any slang or accent. Enjoy your lessons and please click LIKE and SUBSCRIBE, or SHARE this video so others can also benefit from our educational practice videos. Subscribe now - so that you will not miss our next set of practice videos.
https://wn.com/The_Queen's_English_Elocution_Lessons_(2_Of_26)
Elocution Lesson: soft 'th' sounds

Elocution Lesson: soft 'th' sounds

  • Order:
  • Duration: 2:16
  • Updated: 21 Jun 2011
  • views: 2339
videos
www.smithsenglish.com Francesca helps this British speaker with the pronunciation of soft 'th' sounds such as 'both', 'with' and 'bath'.
https://wn.com/Elocution_Lesson_Soft_'th'_Sounds
British Elocution Lessons | Learn the British accent

British Elocution Lessons | Learn the British accent

  • Order:
  • Duration: 1:53
  • Updated: 09 Jan 2013
  • views: 43271
videos
Elocution lessons are not just for native English speakers, but also non-native English speakers. http://www.accentsoftening.com Twitter: https://twitter.com/accentsoftening Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/accentsoftening Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/accentsoftening
https://wn.com/British_Elocution_Lessons_|_Learn_The_British_Accent
Elocution Lesson to improve vowel sounds

Elocution Lesson to improve vowel sounds

  • Order:
  • Duration: 3:39
  • Updated: 19 Jul 2011
  • views: 1200
videos
Francesca works with someone to even out a mixed accent.
https://wn.com/Elocution_Lesson_To_Improve_Vowel_Sounds
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